Varicose & Spider Veins

Veins are needed to carry blood from all over our body back towards the heart. Unlike arteries they are very low pressure vessels, so in order to move blood in one direction, a series of one-way flap valves are present along the length of the vein.


When these valves are damaged, blood pools in the vein and varicose veins will appear.

As varicose veins no longer work properly, they will not be missed by your body if treated. In fact, your body will function better without them as they often lead to other medical problems if left untreated.

Symptoms of Varicose Veins

All abnormal veins present differently and every patient experiences different symptoms.


Symptoms generally progress and worsen with time but will be relieved with treatment. Some common signs and symptoms include:

  • Permanently enlarged surface veins, unsightly cosmetic appearance

  • Mild to severe achy legs, including feelings of heaviness, burning and/or throbbing

  • Swollen ankles

  • Leg cramps

  • Skin rashes (venous eczema)

  • Skin ulcers

  • Permanent brown staining (skin pigmentation) and scarring

  • Blood clots in the veins (phlebothromboses)

What are Spider Veins?

Spider veins (Telangiectasias) are clusters of tiny blood vessels close to the surface of the skin. They are often caused by increased pressure in the venous system, which can be as a result of varicose veins or pregnancy.  Spider veins can also be caused by localised trauma to the area such as bruising.

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